FICO Credit Scores: What Do They Mean?
Since our world is so computer-driven, you're probably not surprised to hear that your creditworthiness comes down to a single number.
This score is built by credit reporting agencies. These agencies use the payment history of all of your loans: mortgages, car/motorcycle/boat loans, credit cards, and others.
Experian, TransUnion, and Equifax, the three major credit reporting agencies, each have their own proprietary formula for building a credit score. The original FICO score was developed by Fair Isaac and Company.
While Experian still calls its score "FICO", TransUnion calls its score "Beacon" and Equifax uses "Empirica." While the formulas vary, the differences aren't huge; each agency uses the following factors in building your score:
- Credit History - How long have you had credit?
- Payment History - Do you have any payments later than 30 days?
- Credit Card Balances - How many accounts do you have? How much do you owe?
- Requests for Credit - How many times have lenders pulled your credit report for the purpose of giving you a loan?
Each of these factors is assigned a value and a weight. The results are added up and distilled into a single number. FICO scores range from 300 to 800. Higher scores are better. Most home buyers have a score above 620.
Your FICO score affects how much you pay in interest every month
Did you know? Credit scores are used for more than just determining whether or not you qualify for a mortgage. Higher scores indicate you are probably a better credit risk, and thus may qualify for a better mortgage rate.
Raising your FICO score
Unfortunately, there isn't a lot you can do to immediately improve your credit score. Some companies promise quick fixes, but they can't do anything different than what you can do — for free. (Of course you must appeal incorrect items on your credit report.)
How do I find out my FICO score?
Before you can improve your credit score, you have to know your score and make sure that the reports from each agency are correct. Fair Isaac, the company that invented the first FICO score, sells FICO scores on its website: myFICO.com. It's inexpensive, fast, and easy to get your credit score along with credit reports from all three credit reporting agencies. They also provide helpful information and online tools that help you analyze what actions might have the greatest impact on your FICO score.
You can get a federally-mandated free credit report once per year from all three credit reporting agencies by visiting AnnualCreditReport.com. You won't get a free credit score from AnnualCreditReport.com, but getting one is quick and very inexpensive.
Armed with this info, you will be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to get the most favorable mortgage.
Want to know more about credit scores? Give us a call at (786) 262-6486.